英検準1級で必須の英単語を例文、英英定義、反意語、類義語と一緒に掲載していきます。 PDF版については、LINE 公式アカウントで配布しています。 LINE公式アカウントについてはこちらから登録をどうぞ。 capsize The boat capsized in the stormy sea. 荒れ
The boat capsized in the stormy sea.
定義: to overturn or turn upside down, especially a boat or ship
反意語: right, upright, stabilize
類義語: overturn, tip over, flip
The actress captivated the audience with her performance.
定義: to attract and hold the attention or interest of someone, to charm or fascinate
反意語: bore, repel, deter
類義語: charm, enchant, enthrall
The police finally captured the fugitive after a long search.
定義: to catch or seize something or someone, especially after a chase or hunt
反意語: release, free, let go
類義語: catch, seize, apprehend
He gently caressed her hair.
定義: to touch or stroke someone or something in a gentle and loving way
反意語: hit, strike, slap
類義語: stroke, fondle, pet
The artist carved a statue out of a block of marble.
定義: to cut or shape something by carving, to create something by cutting or carving
反意語: assemble, construct, build
類義語: sculpt, shape, chisel
She was cast as the lead in the new play.
定義: to choose actors for a play or movie, to throw or toss something
反意語: retrieve, recover, pick up
類義語: choose, select, throw
He caught the ball with one hand.
定義: to seize or grab something that is thrown or moving, to capture something
反意語: drop, miss, release
類義語: seize, grab, capture
The books were categorized by subject matter.
定義: to put things into categories or groups based on similar characteristics
反意語: disorganize, mix up, jumble
類義語: classify, sort, organize
The restaurant caters to a variety of dietary needs.
定義: to provide food, drinks, or services for a special event or group of people, to meet the needs or preferences of someone
反意語: neglect, disregard, ignore
類義語: provide, serve, accommodate
The fighting ceased when the ceasefire agreement was signed.
定義: to stop or come to an end, to bring something to a stop or an end
反意語: continue, persist, carry on
類義語: stop, halt, end
The government censored the news report before it was broadcast.
定義: to examine and remove objectionable or harmful parts of something, especially information or media
反意語: publish, disclose, reveal
類義語: suppress, edit, cut
The company decided to centralize its operations in one location.
定義: to bring or consolidate something into a central location or control, to make something centralized
反意語: decentralize, distribute, disperse
類義語: consolidate, concentrate, centralize
The inspector certified that the building met safety regulations.
定義: to confirm or attest that something is true or accurate, to issue an official statement or document verifying something
反意語: falsify, disclaim, refute
類義語: confirm, verify, attest
The old town has a lot of charm and character.
定義: a quality or feature that delights and attracts people, to attract or enchant someone with one’s personality or manner
反意語: repel, disgust, bore
類義語: appeal, enchant, fascinate
He cheated on his math exam by looking at his neighbor’s paper.
定義: to act dishonestly or unfairly in order to gain an advantage or deceive someone, to violate rules or standards
反意語: play fair, abide by, obey
類義語: deceive, defraud, swindle
She cherished the necklace her grandmother had given her.
定義: to hold something dear and value it highly, to treat something with care and affection
反意語: despise, disregard, neglect
類義語: treasure, value, appreciate
You need to chew your food properly before swallowing.
定義: to bite and grind food in the mouth in order to break it down for swallowing, to think about something carefully and thoroughly
反意語: swallow, gulp, wolf
類義語: masticate, gnaw, ruminate
The cold wind made me chill to the bone.
定義: to make something or someone colder or less warm, to become colder or less warm
反意語: warm up, heat, thaw
類義語: cool, freeze, chill
He choked on a piece of meat and had to cough it up.
定義: to have difficulty breathing because of something blocking the airway, to prevent something from functioning properly
反意語: unblock, clear, free
類義語: suffocate, strangle, obstruct
He chopped the wood into small pieces for the fire.
定義: to cut something into pieces with a sharp tool or instrument, to strike or hit something with a sharp motion
反意語: combine, join, connect
類義語: cut, slice, hack
The book chronicles the history of the city from its founding to the present day.
定義: to record or document events in the order in which they occurred, to write a chronological account of something
反意語: forget, neglect, overlook
類義語: record, document, report
The newsletter is circulated among all the employees.
定義: to distribute or pass something around to a group of people, to move or flow continuously in a closed system
反意語: hoard, keep, retain
類義語: distribute, disseminate, propagate
She cited several sources to support her argument.
定義: to quote or refer to a source of information or authority, to mention something as an example or evidence
反意語: conceal, hide, ignore
類義語: quote, reference, mention
The company claimed that its product was the best on the market.
定義: to state or assert that something is true, to demand or assert ownership or possession of something
反意語: disclaim, deny, renounce
類義語: assert, declare, maintain
Could you clarify your instructions, please?
定義: to make something clear or understandable, to remove confusion or ambiguity
反意語: confuse, obscure, muddle
類義語: explain, elucidate, simplify
The library classifies books by subject and author.
定義: to put things into categories or groups based on similar characteristics or criteria
反意語: disorganize, mix up, jumble
類義語: categorize, organize, sort
She cleansed her face with a gentle soap and warm water.
定義: to clean or purify something by removing impurities or unwanted elements, to purify oneself spiritually or morally
反意語: dirty, contaminate, pollute
類義語: purify, wash, sanitize
He clinched the deal with a persuasive argument.
定義: to secure or settle something conclusively, to grasp or hold onto something tightly
反意語: lose, fail, surrender
類義語: secure, finalize, grip
She clipped the article from the newspaper and saved it.
定義: to cut or trim something with scissors or shears, to fasten or attach something with a clip or clamp
反意語: grow, expand, enlarge
類義語: cut, trim, fasten
He clutched the steering wheel tightly as he drove through the rain.
定義: to grasp or hold onto something tightly, to seize something suddenly or urgently
反意語: release, let go, drop
類義語: grasp, grip, seize
The room was cluttered with old furniture and boxes.
定義: to fill or crowd a space with too many things, to make something messy or disorganized
反意語: organize, tidy, clear
類義語: mess, jumble, crowd
He collects stamps as a hobby.
定義: to gather or accumulate things in a systematic or deliberate way, to receive or gather money or information
反意語: distribute, disperse, scatter
類義語: gather, amass, accumulate
The Spanish colonized much of South America in the 16th century.
定義: to establish a colony or settlement in a new territory, to inhabit and dominate a place or group
反意語: abandon, leave, evacuate
類義語: settle, inhabit, populate
The memorial commemorates the soldiers who died in the war.
定義: to honor and remember something or someone, especially through a ceremony or memorial
反意語: forget, ignore, neglect
類義語: honor, remember, memorialize
The teacher commended the student for her hard work and dedication.
定義: to praise or express approval for someone or something, to recommend or entrust someone or something to someone else’s care or attention
反意語: criticize, condemn, denounce
類義語: praise, laud, approve
He commutes to work by train every day.
定義: to travel regularly between one’s home and workplace or school, to reduce a punishment or sentence by changing it to a less severe one
反意語: stay, remain, settle
類義語: travel, journey, reduce
The road trip compassed thousands of miles and several states.
定義: to encircle or surround something, to travel or navigate through an area, often over a long distance
反意語: disperse, scatter, separate
類義語: encircle, surround, navigate
The urgent situation compelled her to take action.
定義: to force or persuade someone to do something, to cause someone to feel a strong urge or obligation to do something
反意語: persuade, convince, allow
類義語: force, oblige, pressure
The company compensated its employees for working overtime.
定義: to make up for a loss or injury, to provide something in return for something else
反意語: deprive, penalize, punish
類義語: recompense, repay, indemnify
The editor compiled a list of the year’s best books.
定義: to gather or collect information or material from various sources, to assemble or create something by putting together various elements or parts
反意語: disassemble, scatter, separate
類義語: collect, gather, assemble
The red wine complemented the rich flavor of the steak.
定義: to enhance or complete something by adding to it, to provide something that makes another thing better or more effective
反意語: contradict, oppose, detract
類義語: enhance, complete, supplement
The situation was complicated by conflicting interests and opinions.
定義: to make something more difficult or complex, to cause confusion or difficulties
反意語: simplify, clarify, ease
類義語: complexify, convolute, confuse
She complimented him on his cooking skills.
定義: to express admiration, praise or respect for someone or something, to say something nice or positive about someone
反意語: insult, criticize, belittle
類義語: praise, flatter, admire
She composed a beautiful piece of music for the piano.
定義: to create or write something, especially a work of art or music, to calm oneself or bring oneself into a state of relaxation or concentration
反意語: destroy, ruin, disrupt
類義語: create, write, calm
The problem was compounded by the lack of resources and funding.
定義: to make something worse or more intense, to combine or mix different elements or substances to create a new one
反意語: simplify, separate, clarify
類義語: aggravate, intensify, blend
She had difficulty comprehending the instructions.
定義: to understand or grasp the meaning of something, to include or encompass something
反意語: misunderstand, misinterpret, ignore
類義語: understand, grasp, apprehend
He compressed the files into a single archive for easy transfer.
定義: to press or squeeze something together to make it smaller or more compact, to condense or shorten something, such as a speech or argument
反意語: expand, inflate, enlarge
類義語: condense, squeeze, compact
The committee comprises members from various departments.
定義: to include or contain something as a part of a whole, to be composed of or made up of something
反意語: exclude, omit, remove
類義語: include, contain, consist of
They reached a compromise after several hours of negotiation.
The corporation compromised its ethical standards by using child labor to cut costs.
定義: to settle a disagreement or dispute by making concessions or adjustments, to expose to risk or harm by disregarding or ignoring principles or values
反意語: resolve, agree, cooperate
類義語: settle, negotiate, jeopardize
She concealed the truth from her family for years.
定義: to hide or keep something secret or out of sight, to cover or obscure something
反意語: reveal, expose, disclose
類義語: hide, mask, cover up
He finally conceded defeat after a long and difficult battle.
定義: to admit or acknowledge something as true or valid, to surrender or give up something
反意語: dispute, deny, reject
類義語: admit, acknowledge, yield
The meeting concluded with a vote on the proposal.
定義: to bring something to an end or finish, to come to a decision or agreement
反意語: begin, start, open
類義語: end, finish, decide
The court condemned him to life in prison for his crimes.
定義: to express strong disapproval or criticism of something, to punish or penalize someone severely
反意語: praise, approve, commend
類義語: criticize, censure, punish
The water vapor condensed into droplets on the window.
定義: to make something smaller or more compact, to reduce or simplify something by removing details or excess material
反意語: expand, enlarge, dilute
類義語: compress, shorten, abridge
His behavior was unacceptable, but his friends condoned it.
定義: to approve or tolerate something that is morally wrong or harmful, to forgive or overlook something
反意語: condemn, disapprove, reject
類義語: approve, tolerate, forgive
The police conducted a thorough investigation of the crime scene.
定義: to organize or carry out a particular activity or task, to guide or direct someone or something
反意語: mismanage, neglect, ignore
類義語: carry out, organize, direct
The university will confer degrees on the graduating students next month.
定義: to grant or bestow something, such as a degree or honor, to have a discussion or consultation with someone
反意語: withhold, refuse, deny
類義語: grant, bestow, consult
The patient was confined to bed rest for several weeks.
定義: to limit or restrict something or someone within certain boundaries or conditions, to keep something or someone in a specific place or area
反意語: release, free, liberate
類義語: limit, restrict, enclose
The test results confirmed his suspicions about the illness.
定義: to verify or establish the truth or validity of something, to make something definite or official
反意語: contradict, deny, disprove
類義語: verify, establish, validate
His sudden success confounded his critics and rivals.
定義: to confuse or perplex someone or something, to mix up or mistake something for something else
反意語: clarify, explain, simplify
類義語: confuse, perplex, baffle
He decided to confront his boss about the unfair treatment.
定義: to face or deal with a problem or difficult situation directly, to meet or encounter someone face to face
反意語: avoid, evade, elude
類義語: face, deal with, challenge
The instructions were confusing and difficult to follow.
定義: to cause someone to be uncertain or unclear about something, to mix up or mistake one thing for another
反意語: clarify, explain, simplify
類義語: bewilder, perplex, baffle
The traffic was congested for hours due to an accident on the highway.
定義: to clog or block something, especially a passage or area, by excess or overcrowding, to accumulate or amass in a congested or confined space
反意語: clear, free, empty
類義語: clog, block, obstruct
The protesters congregated in front of the government building to demand change.
定義: to come together or assemble in a group, to gather in one place for a common purpose
反意語: disperse, scatter, separate
類義語: assemble, gather, meet
The cable must be connected to the computer for the printer to work.
定義: to join or link two or more things together, to establish a relationship or communication between two or more people or things
反意語: disconnect, detach, separate
類義語: link, join, unite
We must conserve our natural resources for future generations.
定義: to preserve or protect something from loss, damage, or waste, to use something sparingly or efficiently
反意語: waste, squander, use up
類義語: preserve, protect, save
She tried to console her friend after the loss of her pet.
定義: to comfort or soothe someone who is distressed or sad, to provide emotional support or sympathy
反意語: distress, upset, aggravate
類義語: comfort, soothe, reassure
The company consolidated its operations to reduce costs and increase efficiency.
定義: to bring together or combine two or more things into a single entity or unit, to strengthen or solidify something
反意語: divide, separate, weaken
類義語: combine, unite, strengthen
The two countries conspired to overthrow the government of a third country.
定義: to secretly plan or plot together to do something wrong or illegal, to work together in a secret or harmful way
反意語: cooperate, collaborate, work together
類義語: plot, scheme, collude
The members of the committee constitute a diverse group of experts.
定義: to make up or form something, to be the parts or elements that create a whole
反意語: dissolve, disband, break up
類義語: form, comprise, make up
The budget constraints made it difficult to complete the project on time.
定義: to limit or restrict something or someone, to hold back or restrain someone or something from action or movement
反意語: enable, allow, encourage
類義語: limit, restrict, hold back
The snake constricted its prey until it stopped breathing.
定義: to squeeze or tighten something, to make something narrower or smaller
反意語: expand, widen, loosen
類義語: squeeze, tighten, narrow
She consulted with a lawyer before signing the contract.
定義: to seek advice or information from someone with expertise or authority, to consider or discuss something with others before making a decision
反意語: ignore, disregard, neglect
類義語: seek advice, ask, discuss
The fire consumed the entire building within minutes.
定義: to use up or eat something completely, to be destroyed or eliminated by something
反意語: conserve, save, preserve
類義語: use up, eat up, devour
The factory’s waste contaminated the nearby river.
定義: to make something impure or unclean by adding harmful or unwanted substances, to infect or spoil something
反意語: purify, clean, sanitize
類義語: pollute, infect, taint
He spent hours contemplating his next move.
定義: to think deeply or consider something carefully, to look at or examine something with attention and thoughtfulness
反意語: neglect, ignore, overlook
類義語: ponder, think about, reflect on
She contracted a cold after being exposed to the virus.
The company contracted with a marketing agency to promote its new product.
The budget for the project contracted by 20% due to unforeseen circumstances.
定義: to enter into an agreement or legal document with someone, to become smaller or tighter in size or volume
to acquire or develop a disease or illness, to become smaller or tighter, to enter into a legal agreement
to become smaller or reduced in size, amount, or scope, often due to external factors or constraints
反意語: cancel, terminate, break
類義語: agree, sign, shrink
His words contradicted his previous statements on the matter.
定義: to say or do something that is opposite or different from what was previously said or done, to deny or refute something that has been said or done
反意語: agree, confirm, support
類義語: oppose, deny, refute
The bright colors of the flowers contrasted with the dark green of the leaves.
定義: to compare two or more things in order to show differences, to be different or opposite from something else
反意語: similarity, sameness, likeness
類義語: compare, differentiate, distinguish
Everyone can contribute something to the success of the project.
定義: to give or provide something, such as money, time, or effort, to help achieve a goal or make something happen
反意語: withhold, keep, hoard
類義語: give, provide, donate
She contrived a plan to get her boss’s approval for the project.
定義: to plan or invent something clever or skillful, often in a deceptive or dishonest way, to manage to do something despite difficulties or obstacles
反意語: fail, give up, surrender
類義語: devise, scheme, plan
The pilot struggled to control the plane in the strong winds.
定義: to manage or regulate something in order to direct or influence its behavior or outcome, to have power or authority over something or someone
反意語: release, let go, relinquish
類義語: manage, regulate, direct
The board of directors will convene a meeting next week to discuss the company’s financial situation.
定義: to call or bring together a group of people for a meeting or other purpose, to assemble or gather people in one place
反意語: adjourn, disband, disperse
類義語: call together, gather, assemble
The artist decided to conventionalize his style to appeal to a wider audience.
定義: to make something conform to traditional or standard practices or norms, to adopt or follow established conventions or rules
反意語: innovate, experiment, deviate
類義語: standardize, conform, follow
She used pictures to convey the message to the audience.
定義: to communicate or express something, often through words, gestures, or symbols, to transport or transfer something from one place to another
反意語: conceal, withhold, keep
類義語: communicate, express, transmit
He tried to convince his parents to let him study abroad for a year.
定義: to persuade or cause someone to believe or accept something, to make someone confident or certain about something
反意語: discourage, dissuade, deter
類義語: persuade, influence, assure
The politician was accused of corrupting the voting process.
定義: to cause something to become dishonest, immoral, or contaminated, to be affected by corruption
反意語: clean, honest, moral
類義語: contaminate, taint, bribe
She sought counsel from her lawyer before signing the contract.
定義: to give advice or guidance to someone, often in a professional or official capacity, to provide legal advice or representation to someone
反意語: mislead, deceive, misguide
類義語: advise, guide, direct
She used evidence to counter the argument of her opponent.
定義: to act in opposition or response to something, to offer a contrary argument or position, to prevent or nullify something
反意語: support, agree, concede
類義語: oppose, contradict, challenge
She accidentally cracked the mirror when she dropped it.
定義: to break or become broken into small pieces or fragments, to make a sudden sharp noise, to find a solution or a way to overcome a problem or difficulty
反意語: mend, repair, fix
類義語: break, shatter, solve
The mother cradled her newborn baby in her arms.
定義: to hold or support something gently and protectively, to place something in a secure or comfortable position, such as a baby in a cradle
反意語: drop, release, abandon
類義語: hold, embrace, support
The artisan crafted a beautiful vase out of clay.
定義: to make or create something carefully and skillfully, often by hand, to use cunning or deceit to achieve a goal
反意語: destroy, ruin, demolish
類義語: make, create, build
She had to cram for her final exams after spending too much time on other activities.
定義: to study intensively and quickly, often in a short amount of time, to fill or pack something tightly and with force
反意語: space out, spread out, relax
類義語: study, memorize, pack
The car crashed into a tree on the side of the road.
定義: to collide or come into contact with something violently, to fail suddenly or completely, often resulting in a loud noise or impact
反意語: avoid, dodge, succeed
類義語: collide, smash, fail
He craved the taste of his mother’s homemade apple pie.
定義: to have a strong desire or longing for something, often something pleasurable or satisfying
反意語: dislike, hate, abhor
類義語: desire, long , yearn
The cat crouched low to the ground, ready to pounce on its prey.
定義: to bend down low to the ground, often in a defensive or submissive posture, to squat or stoop down
反意語: stand, rise, elevate
類義語: bend down, squat, hunch
The protesters gathered in the square, forming a large crowd.
定義: to gather or come together in a group, often in a way that makes it difficult to move or breathe, to fill or occupy a space, often to capacity
反意語: disperse, scatter, separate
類義語: gather, assemble, pack
The old building slowly crumbled and decayed over time.
定義: to break or fall apart into small pieces, to weaken or deteriorate gradually over time
反意語: build, construct, strengthen
類義語: break apart, decay, disintegrate
She enjoyed the satisfying crunch of the leaves beneath her feet.
定義: to make a loud, sharp, or crunching sound, to bite or chew something noisily, to experience a difficult or stressful situation
反意語: silence, quiet, peace
類義語: make noise, chew loudly, struggle
She felt her heart crush when she heard the news of his death.
定義: to press or squeeze something with force, often causing damage or destruction, to overwhelm or defeat someone or something completely
反意語: release, let go, free
類義語: press, squeeze, defeat
The couple cuddled together on the couch, enjoying each other’s company.
定義: to hold or embrace someone or something in a loving or affectionate way, often for comfort or warmth
反意語: separate, distance, alienate
類義語: embrace, hug, snuggle
He cultivated a love of classical music from a young age.
定義: to prepare and work on land in order to grow crops, to nurture or develop a skill, quality, or relationship over time
反意語: neglect, abandon, disregard
類義語: grow, tend, develop
The government is trying to curb the spread of the virus with strict measures.
定義: to control or limit something, often in order to prevent excess or harm, to restrain or hold back something or someone
反意語: encourage, promote, facilitate
類義語: control, limit, restrain
She felt like she was under a curse after a series of bad luck events.
定義: to use words or actions to invoke harm or punishment on someone or something, to express anger, frustration, or disapproval
反意語: bless, praise, approve
類義語: damn, swear, hex
The shock absorbers cushioned the impact of the bumpy road.
定義: to protect or soften a blow or impact, to provide comfort or support
反意語: harden, toughen, expose
類義語: pad, soften, support
The company allows customers to customize their products with their own designs.
定義: to modify or tailor something to suit individual needs or preferences, to make something unique or personal
反意語: standardize, mass-produce, generalize
類義語: modify, tailor, personalize
She cut her finger while chopping vegetables for dinner.
定義: to make a division or incision in something using a sharp tool or object, to remove or detach something from a larger whole, to reduce or decrease something in size or amount
反意語: attach, connect, join
類義語: slice, chop, reduce